Mongolia is located in the Northern Hemisphere temperate zone. Mongolia is a land of temperature extremes. Situated at an average altitude of 1500 m above the sea level separated from the oceans, surrounded by high mountain chains that are blocking the wet winds, Mongolia has an extreme continental climate. The Gobi desert in southern Mongolia can reach 40 degrees Celsius (104°Fahrenheit) in the summer and fall to minus 40 degrees Celsius (-40°Fahrenheit) in winter. The winter continues long with cold temperature but summer is hot and not so long. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June. Summer continued from July through to September.
The average annual temperature in Mongolia's capital, Ulaanbaatar, ranges from -16°C (-2°F) in February to 16°C (62°F) in July. During the very short spring transition in Ulaanbaatar, the average temperature climbs from 8°C (48°F) in May to only 14°C (58°F) in June. Summer fades quickly, and by September the annual average temperature drops to 8°C (48°F). The average summer temperature is 20°c (65°F) . Winter average is ?20°c (-13°F) . In Mongolia there are 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies. Precipitation is sparse in Mongolia, averaging only 378 mm (14.9 in) for the entire year at Ulaanbaatar. January and February are almost free of precipitation. April and May bring an increase in rainfall, and the capital receives its greatest average monthly precipitation in July and August; 161 mm (6.3 in).
Over the course of a year, the temperature typically varies from -33°C to 27°C and is rarely below -38°C or above 32°C.
The warm season lasts from May 17 to September 22 with an average daily high temperature above 18°C. The hottest day of the year is July 28, with an average high of 27°C and low of 12°C.
The cold season lasts from November 30 to February 22 with an average daily high temperature below -10°C. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of -33°C and high of -19°C.
The fraction of days in which various types of precipitation are observed. If more than one type of precipitation is reported in a given day, the more severe precipitation is counted. For example, if light rain is observed in the same day as a thunderstorm, that day counts towards the thunderstorm totals. The order of severity is from the top down in this graph, with the most severe at the bottom.
Over the entire year, the most common forms of precipitation are light snow, light rain, thunderstorms, and moderate snow.
Light snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 34% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around January 1, when it is observed during 30% of all days.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 23% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around June 28, when it is observed during 20% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 20% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around July 25, when it is observed during 28% of all days.
Moderate snow is the most severe precipitation observed during 14% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around November 4, when it is observed during 10% of all days.
Over the course of the year typical wind speeds vary from 0 m/s to 6 m/s (calm to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 11 m/s (strong breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 4 m/s (gentle breeze) occurs around May 18, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 6 m/s (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 1 m/s (light air) occurs around January 10, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 2 m/s (light breeze).
The wind is most often out of the north (13% of the time) and south (10% of the time). The wind is least often out of the east (1% of the time), north east (3% of the time), south west (4% of the time), and south east (5% of the time).
Weather by Months
The information presented below gives detailed historical monthly average weather conditions along with exceptional weather occurrences. To maintain relevance to current weather trends the displayed information has been calculated using data collected over the past two decades. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to Ulaanbaatar.
|January||Throughout the month of January daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -16°C that's about 4°F. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around -29°C, that's -20°F. The average monthly amount of precipitation has been recorded at around 0 mm, that's 0 inches. Throughout the month you can expect to see rain or drizzle falling on 1 days of the month, with snow falling on 7 days. For January expect the sun to shine for an average of 5 hours per day.|
|July||Throughout the month of July daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around 25°C that's about 77°F. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around 11°C, that's 53°F. Sunny. Sometimes thunderstorm. Best time to travel in Mongolia.|